An Introduction to kids basket
What Is Cancer?
Cancer is really a group of numerous associated diseases that all relate to cells. Cells are the really small units that comprise all living things, consisting of the human body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not regular grow and spread extremely quickly. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Gradually, they likewise die. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not die when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells normally group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a swelling of cancer cells that can damage the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody really sick.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a brand-new location in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- maybe even you. But you probably do not understand any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a large football arena with kids, most likely just one child in that arena would have cancer.
Medical professionals aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not infectious. You can't capture it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by germs, like colds or the flu are. So do not be scared of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, specifically smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a doctor to figure out a kid has cancer. That's since the signs cancer can trigger-- weight-loss, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling overly tired or sick for a while-- normally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's typically brought on by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can determine what's triggering the problem.
If the medical professional suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A physician may buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who takes care of and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if somebody actually has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Based on the results, the physician will decide the very best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is suspected, like the bone marrow. Don't fret-- someone getting this test will get special medication to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be taken a look at under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The earlier cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better someone's chances are for a full recovery and cure.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or in some cases a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the physician tries to get as numerous cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be eliminated to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are in some cases taken as Click here for info a pill, but typically are provided through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through someone's skin, typically on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medicine. The medicine flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medicine into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.